The second UK disability history month has run (or is currently running, at the time of writing) between 22 November and 22 December. During this month I managed to attend two events. I'm going to summarise both of them within this short post with the hope that it could be of interest to someone.
There are a number of reasons why I wanted to play a small part within the week. The first is that over the last couple of years I've been involved with a research project that has been exploring how technology might be able to be used to make a difference to the lives of people with disability. Secondly, I tutor on an Open University module that explores some of the strategies and approaches about how to best use technology and to make some aspects of learning and teaching as inclusive as possible. The third perspective is one that is personal, since I am afflicted by a condition that can be considered as a disability under current legislation.
The first event I attended was held at the TUC headquarters in London. This event was subtitled 'why we are failing disabled people' and addressed the subject of disability hate crime. The second event was sponsored by the UCU, the University and College Union that represents the interests of lecturers and teachers within further and higher education. I couldn't 'attend' this second event in person due to work commitments, but the event was recorded by the Open University. (You might be able to access this presentation, but I'm unsure whether you can do this from beyond the boundaries of the university systems). This second event was more about contexualising disability history and celebrating their civil rights achievements.
SCAPEGOAT, TUC headquarters, London
The main speaker for this event was Katharine Quarmby, a journalist who has done extensive research into disability hate crime, publishing a recent book on the subject entitled 'Scapegoat: why we are failing disabled people'. Katherine gave a powerful and shocking account of incidents of disability hate crime, a small number of which I remembered from media coverage.
During her research, she reported she studied over 100 cases. Some of the crimes were perpetrated by people who were considered to be friends with a victim, so called 'mate crime'. Katherine connected her presentation to both contemporary and historical issues. The historical issue being the way that disability has been perceived, the contemporary relating to the perception towards enabling benefits, such as the disabled living allowance.
One point stood out for me, and this was that the reporting of this type of hate crime is on the increase, but another view is that perhaps those incidents that have been recorded may well be the tip of an iceberg.
The other main speaker of the day was Stephen Brookes, who is co-ordinator of the National disability hate crime network. Stephen began with a definition which is 'disability hate crime is any criminal office which is perceived by the victim or any other person to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a persons disability or perceived disability'.
One slide that Stephen used, entitled 'we are not...' stood out for me. It contained the words, 'more vulnerable than everyone else, so don't label us', 'the problem', 'in the way. It's not our fault for being there!'. Stephen went on to present a couple of specific cases, and then emphasised the point that tackling the issue is the responsibility of everyone and many different authorities and organisations.
Stephen also mentioned a report that he has been involved with, which is entitled Inquiry into disability related harassment, which can be found on the Equality and Human Rights Commission website.
Towards the end of the day there was an hour long plenary session where members of the audience could address each other and the panel. One of the points that I clearly remember is a delegate who introduced the term, 'disability hate incident' (I think I have remembered this correctly). These are incidents of subtle discrimination through maliciousness, ignorance or carelessness. It was argued that the incidence of these events are significantly higher than that of crimes, which are, of course, considered to be under reported.
This point really got me thinking about my own experiences, how it relates to the social model of disability (wikipedia) and how to facilitate change either within an institution or wider society. Other issues that were raised were equally important, such as the issue of employment and the role that prejudice may play.
I won't say this event was one that was enjoyable, since that wouldn't be an appropriate word for it. I would say that it was challenging, and from this perspective, it was entirely successful.
Celebrate Disability History Month
The second event that I attended was recorded. As mentioned earlier, I was able to access a recording of a presentation by Richard Reiser, co-ordinator of the Disability History Month, made at the Open University on Monday 28 November 2011.
Richard gave a very clear presentation about how disability has been perceived throughout different periods of history. Richard spoke about the time of ancient Greece and Rome, moving onto medieval period, towards the Elizabethan period, through the Enlightenment to the present day, whilst speaking about the Nazism and the role of asylums and associated legislation.
Richard then moved to present a powerful exposition of the disability rights movement. Richard also made explicit reference to the notion of language, with a view to how the choice of language relates to perceptions throughout society.
Exploring and choosing appropriate language is related to education, and suggested that more needs to be done, especially if eight out of ten children who are disabled report bullying. Richard concluded by saying that we need disability history month to provide a focal point to help us to understand common ground and to facilitate the change the perceptions.
There was a lot packed into these two presentations, and credit must go to the organisers. The first thing that struck me was the extent of union involvement, and the number of union activists that participated. The materials that were distributed at the first event, were impressive, i.e. a booklet about the use of language, a booklet entitled 'a trade union guide to the law and good practice', and another booklet entitled, 'representing and supporting members with mental health problems at work'.
A number of different themes (over these two presentations) jump out at me. The first is the notion of 'struggle'. I remember a number of different metaphors being used to describe both the experiences and situation, such as 'the tip of the iceberg', and that people are involved in a 'flight' for equality. Such words, I believe, are very apt, and reflect a relationship between disablism and other civil rights movements.
On the subject of metaphor and words, an important theme is, of course, is language and its use, purely because of the implicit meanings that innocuous words and phrases may convey. The third and final issue relates to that of responsibility, responsibility in the terms of being able to challenge inappropriate views and behaviour of others.