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H809: Activity 7.5: Learning Theory Comparison using Hybrid Learnng Model

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Theory

Characteristics

HLM Learning Event

Notes

Literature

Behaviourism

Stimulus-Response Pairs

Transmission / Reception

Pedagogical focus is on control and adaptive

Skinner

Tennant

Trial and Error learning

Explores

Meta-learns

Learning through association and reinforcement

Imitates

Cognitive

Transformation of internal cognitive structures

Meta-learns

Useful for sequences of material building on existing information

Anderson

Wenger

Hutchins

Piaget

Processing & transmission of information through communication, explanation, contrast, inference and problem solving

Practices

Experiments

Debates

Meta-learns

Constructivist

Process by which learners build mental structures

Meta-learns

Structured learning environment

Papert

Duffy & Jonassen

Task oriented

Experiments

Hands-on, self directed

Creates

Explores

Activity -based

Framework of activity with mediating artefacts within socio-cultural and historically constructed context

Depends on context

Importance of environment & tools

Vygotsky 34

Wertsch 85

Engestrom 87

Zone of proximal development

Explores

Imitates

Practices

 

Socially-situated learning

Learning as social participation

Debates

Explores

Vicarious learning is important process

 

Mercer

Vygotsky

 

Personal relationships

Imitates

 

Language as communicative tool

Debates

Language as psychological tool

Meta-learns

Tutor-student interactions

Depends on context

Active engagement

Explores

Practices

Creates

Experiments

Experiential

Experience is foundation of learning

Explores

Practices

Creates

Experiments

Asynchronous communication allows greater reflection

Dewey

Kolb

Jarvis

Transform experience into knowledge, skill, attitudes, values by reflection

Meta-learns

Problem-based learning

Explores

Experiments

Systems theory

Organisational learning

Explores

Practices

Creates

Experiments

Shared knowledge banks

Senge

Laurillard

Development of learners in response to feedback

Meta-learns

 

 

 

I am not sure whether I have actually done what was required here. I have taken a list of the theories from the Conole (2004) paper and I have looked at the characteristics of each one. I really hate the 3D diagrams we looked at in the last exercise so I decided to examine the relationship with the Hybrid Learning Model which we studied in H800 and I really liked. This looks at learning activities and divides them into 8 categories depending on the students' responses: receives, explores, experiments, practices, creates, debates, imitates and meta-learns. It is really easy for a practitioner to use and it centres the activities on the learner. The full table used for analysing a specific activity also includes context and tools but I just used the HLM events in order to detect any linking characteristics.

 

Meta-learns

Receives

Imitates

Practices

Creates

Explores

Experiments

Debates

Behavioural

*

*

*

*

Cognitive

*

*

Constructivist

*

*

*

*

Activity-based

*

*

*

*

Socially situated

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Experiential

*

*

*

*

*

 

I am really not sure if this has worked out to be useful or not.

I used the characteristics from the Conole et al. (2004) paper to decide the main HLM events involved and I am not sure I agree with all of the characteristics they list.

I think that the good point of using this method is that it concentrates on the learners' activities and so the comparison indicates similarities and differences between learner experiences.

It will be great to see what other people have devised J

 

Hybrid Learning Model (2007) 'Hybrid Learning Model' CETL(NI): Institutional E-Learning Services. University of Ulster. Available from: http://cetl.ulster.ac.uk/elearning/hlm.php [Accessed 23 March 2011]

 

Permalink 1 comment (latest comment by Sylvia Moessinger, Wednesday, 30 Mar 2011, 11:56)
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