I have selected the following chapters, based on my preference, which are not much clarified to me:
Open education in schools
I am still not much clear about the concept of open education in school. Jordan and Weller have summarized that the early movement of Open education in school originated in the UK in 1970s. The concept reflects openness in education but is different from distance education and online learning. I also read the summaries of key references. Barth’s paper discuss about systematic approaches to open education but it does not discuss about open education movement in schools. Walbergs and Thomas paper is very unclear! The research design is quite weak! I liked the paper of Resnick as it discuss about the potentials of educational technology for open education. But again, open education is not the main theme of the paper. According to one of the wikibooks, “Open Education has its roots in the Civil Rights movement in America, in particular the Freedom Schools which were tied in with the Greensboro sit-ins where students broke down the colour bar. The students involved in this sit-ins took their college books with them and used the time to study” (https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Open_Education_Handbook/History_of_open_education)
Main spokepersons for this initiative: As per the document, it was coined in the wake of the Ploweden report, 1967. Name of the person is unavailable.
Where the research and activity around it is occurring: Mainly towards open resources, use of technology in education, issues in open education, approaches and strategies to open education
Why it appears to have happened when it has, and in this form (which are the apparent drivers and motivators): Globalization, Digitization and Technology
What product(s) or progress is/are apparent: Online education, open school system, open educational resources, MOOCs
How these might connect now, or in the future, with learning and teaching activity: Virtual schools may be?
The theme of open practices is not operationalized by the authors. However, according to the document, it refers to the intersection of all the development to the field of open education/ learning such as open access publishing, OER, and social media. It also refers to access to tools in combination with knowledge and skills for critical reflections in order to improve teaching and learning. It is a shift from OER to OEP. Open Educational Quality (OPAL) Initiative has designed the following principles for OEP
· OEP are based on OER
· OEP embraces open learning strategies
· OEP leads to learning and teaching quality improvement
· OEP leads to change of educational cultures
· Use of OER must be seen as a value proposition for Institutions
Main spokepersons for this initiative: Unclear and I could not find any singular person.
Where the research and activity around it is occurring: open innovation, MOOC, OER, social media sites, open access resources
Why it appears to have happened when it has, and in this form (which are the apparent drivers and motivators): Digitization, Open accessibility, ownership of learning and teaching,
What product(s) or progress is/are apparent: Online teaching, online learning courses, open learning strategies, quality of teaching and learning
How these might connect now, or in the future, with learning and teaching activity: Open education community of practices, digital curation and remixing of OE resources by learners and teachers