There is evidence to suggest value in “vicarious interaction,” in which non-active participants gain from observing and empathizing with active participants (Sutton, 2001; Fulford and Zhang, 1993), also Cox (2006)
For learning on the periphery you need John Seely- Brown, who gave a keynote speech on the subject here at The OU in October 2007.
This is the transcript of that session:
Cox, R. (2006) Vicarious Learning and Case-based Teaching of Clinical Reasoning Skills (2004–2006) [online], http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/ esrcinfocentre/ viewawardpage.aspx?awardnumber=RES-139-25-0127 [(last accessed 10 March 2011).
Fulford, C. P., and Zhang, S. (1993). Perceptions of Interaction: The critical predictor in distance education. American Journal of Distance Education, 7(3), 8 – 21.
Sutton, L. (2001). The principles of vicarious interaction in computer-mediated communications. Journal of Interactive Educational Communications, 7(3), 223 – 242. Retrieved July 15, 2003 from: http://www.eas.asu.edu/elearn/research/suttonnew.pdf
I've done this before and been evanlegical; I'm doing it again for health reasons and intend to moan all the way.
Farm shop visit no longer lamb, beef and suasages, but veg.
So I will make some fantastic soups.
I'll have mushroom risotto, which is the next best thing to a beef stir fry.
I am roasting all kinds of vegetables in the oven to make a vegetable stock to die for.
My in-laws are vegetarian, my daughter is vegetarian. I will do the same ... until. Well, the cholesterol levels drop below X. And I am a trim 12 stone.
So I swam with the club this morning at 7.20 am and feel great. Taking several teaching sessions afterawards I wished I too could be 8 or 9. These are watersprites, I'm a hippo.
P.S. I am meant to be writing a TMA
As I boy I had a Phillips Atlas. I shaded in all the counties if the UK as in my peripatetic way I stayed with friends, divorced parents and went on holiday. (I still have it stored in a Really Useful box in a garage).
Decades later I know the few counties that I haven't ticked off. I am not widely travelled: France regularly, otherwise the odd trip to Hong Kong, US, Spain, Sweden, Cyprus ... However, it would appear that my blog is picked up all over the planet. My task then is to have views from those countries not yet picked out in the terrific metrics that are provided by Wordpress.
Why not China? Is Wordpress blocked. How about Finland? I don't think Greenland is feasible.
Before long, consolidation takes place and most of the early entrants disappear. A few survive. But even these early survivors usually are not the ones that end up conquering the new market. The true winners are those that undertake a series of actions that scales up the new market. How do they do that? Markides and Geroski (2004)
What's going on here? What examples can people think of?
High Street Computer Shops
Quick Print Printers
- Friends Reunited
PDAs & Netbooks
Markides.C; Geroski, P. (2004) Strategy and Business, 35: 2-10
What makes a university campus such as Harvard or Oxford a hotbed for entrepreneurs? Is this recreated in closed networks online or at Residential School. How come some buildings induce mental stagnation and disaffection whilst others are a delight? Where (no company or organisation names) have you worked where the architecture, landscaping and office lay-out are conducive to innovation?
Serendipitous interactions, or what Tony Hseih calls 'spontaneous collisions' between people, are what spark ideas and facilitate relationships that lead to stronger ties and more ideas.
Have you worked for such a company?
Hsieh calls his people "culture magicians". Steve Jobs designed this into fabric of Pixar and Apple.
I've aged a decade since I turned 50 last September:
That one grey hair keeps coming back. I've pulled it out a few times. My right temple is going to end up bald or grey.
I am overwieght, OK that took time. But the blood test that says I have high cholesterol is overnight.
If my career had a peak it was 23 years ago. I'd feel more like 75 if I could retire, but I can't.
I swam the other day with a club. I've stopped red meat and most milk product and go vegetarian on Monday. So one last cassoulet over the weekend?
Stop moaning. Whilst I can't turn the clock back there's no reason I can't have the body of a 40 year old and the mental agility of a 20 something (I am after all studying at a university).
'There's never been a breakthrough as a result of writing a memo, breakthroughs occur when two or more people, get inspired, have fun, think the unthinkable'. Lars Kolind, Oticon.(in Mayle 1998)
If you're on the trail of the MAODE then look at Engestrom's 'Activity Theory' which shows in a chart how not only two people, but two entities interact and create a unique response.
Although widely derided (usually for being out of touch and not reflecting the realities ‘on the ground’) many organisations persevere with mission statements and the like in order to express their sense of direction.
What gives your organisation a sense of direction?
Would you call this ‘strategy’? ‘vision’ or something else?
To what extend does it spring from within the organisation, and to what extend is it a response to the environment?
To what extent is it 'owned' by the workforce?
Is there any evidence of a tensions between the espoused values and actual behaviour?
Completely blown away by trailer for the new iPad.
It has what I need.
I have to decide: laptop, tablet or desktop. I don't have the luxury of all three. I doubt I can afford two. The iPad does it.
Stumbled upon @ChrisGondek and listening to a podcast 'The Future of Pharma' with Prof. Brian Smith
This is my approach, it works for me.
Everything goes in here: notes from what I read or come across, sometimes so I didn't lose track of them, course related comments I post on people's blogs too.
A good deal of this remains hidden (private), however I will sometimes 'expose' notes and cryptic thoughts in case someone can make sense of it for me, or chivvy me along to construct some rounded thoughts and sentences with the stuff.
There's some random stuff too.
Tagging matters immensely.
'Search' leaves it to chance, which might help you serendipitously to come across a thought or note you had, but is scrappy and can be time wasting, rather be tag happy and have a system.
Everything gets the module reference, if there is an activity reference this is added as a single word such as 'h807activity3.4' or some such so that it can be searched for and found with ease.
Come TMA time I revisit all the content from that block and start adding the tag, for example, 'h807tma2', or as I'm currently doing 'b822tma3'.
Gathered in one search list I then go through each relevant post refining my thinking.
At some stage I may add further tags to identify arguments or to give it a chronology if that isn't apparent. I then cut and paste to a word document.
I MAY assemble in PowerPoint simply to help shuffle ideas around.
Hardly. Each to their own. I panic like anyone else over an assignment but know the stuff is here and having done the reading and activities and having shared my thinking and had this coloured and shaped by others that I ought to be able to assemble a cogent case.
Tags are strategic, Search is more random.
I switch between the two when revisiting note
Last year in my student group we had a two week sub-group task to complete over two weeks.
There were three of us in the UK: Lewes, Portsmouth and Buckingham with the other three in Germany, Thailand and New Zealand. During the two week period our Tutor Group Forum was rarely silent for more than a few hours.
By the end of it there were over 100 threads to the discussion which I saved to MyStuff (OU ePortfolio) but also pasted into this blog (set on private) as it continues both to illustrate and inspire the brilliance of the MAODE.
It turned my head inside out, demonstrating that the learning experience is far more effective and enjoyable when shared.
I've signed up for a social media course.
It is entirely online and applied. I can apply it as I go along. It uses a combination of short pieces to camera (a minute or so) with text, webinars and written assignments.
It's taken me 13 months to commit having been impressed with a presentation at Learning Technologies 2011 (see this blog, February 2011), seen the team at a stand at Training Technologies last week and then doing a 7 point taster yesterday.
We live in East Sussex 11 miles from the coast. The school go every year. My Grandfather, a Corporal in the Machine Gun Corps, served between April 1915 and Christmas Day 1917 surviving Arras, the Battle of the Sommes and the 3rd Battle of Ypres or 'Paschendaele'.
I interviewed John Arthur Wilson (1896-1992) at length, recording it all onto Broadcast audio tape, though very regretfully not onto video as had I done so I have little doubt his content would have been repeatedly used, from joining up to training, first casaulties, billets, rations, the Vicker's Machine Gun, desertion, and mud, the guns, every kind of projectile identifable by the noise it made and of course every fatality along the way, but not him, not a scratch, despite repeatedly being put into the most dangerous spots. Or even trwnsfering to the Royal Flying Corps where things wouldn't exactly be much safer.
All this with some of his photographs at www.getjackback.wordpress.com.
Meanwhile I have dug out a set of my 32 copies of 'World War' published in 1934, edited by H G Wells and full of gruesome photographs of bodies in various stages of decomposition.
'Will the War change Britain?' asks H.G.Wells in an article he wrote in 1914 and republished here. He correctly suggested that there would be a rapid advancement in the machinery of war.
Come August 2014 there'll be some fuss made about the centenary of the First World War. Buy before then in Lewes some fuss will be made about the 750th Anniversary of the Battle of Lewes after which the Monarch had am elected parliament foisted on them.
1) Keep it niche
You come to trust a person to have something to say about 'x' rather than the entire alphabet.
2) Keep it fresh
Depending on your ambitions update twice a day Yes, you have to have a point of view, no you don't have to make the posting public but you need to build a 'body of work'. 250 words will do, a picture and comment and from time to time a link and snip from something you have stumbled upon.
3) Keep it authentic
There's a light, conversational style that i think of as 'BJ' (Blog Jocky).
4) Read and comment on blogs you like
Reciprocity is vital, there is a virtuous circle of being read and contributing to other people's blogs. Vary the pace and approach. It works to include photos and video, though you risk setting yourself too great a task if you imagine you can generate or load a video clip every time.
5) Watch the stats
You can understand what makes your blog tick, what keeps it vibrant. It is motivating to know you are being read.
Put your content in front of those who are most likely to find it of interest or value by sharing it with specific Linkedin groups and by getting it out on Twitter as part of pertinent conversations.
What's your experience?
A gradual cultural shift or a new person at the top and overnight transformation?
Even with the most charismatic leader in charge, unless the company is privately owned, and depending very much on its size, I don't see how anything other than incremental change is feasible or given employment laws actionable.
Unless the business is a football club, or like a Film Producton Company moves from one project to another with a skeleton staff or perhaps a Government Department, but even here, with a new minister of a opposing political persuasion the inertia and scale of the department/organisation (as Cameron and his Cabinet are seeing) negates radical or swift change or your risk strike action and other forms of discontent.
How do Oxbridge Colleges survive?
Look at Balliol as it approaches its 750th year. It has been hosting the Institute of the Internet for a decade so it can't be thought of as backward looking. How much does the location and reputation count? Even, or especially the nature and value of the 'Quad?'
War and natural disaster forces change.
Economic down turn obliges organisations to cut back, to prune. In bad weather they hibernate? Is there a horticultural metaphor to work with? (With those Garden Festivals of the 1980s that was the route to regeneration).
Incremental change of the farming landscape?
Formal education survived concentration camps and the Burma railway. What does it take!
My inclination as a KAI Innovator is to seek immediate, overnight change.
The reality, and I have seen this in small organisations and large, public and private, even from the perspective of a Non-exec Chairman, that long term survival, especially over the lat few years, is the product of caution, indeed of being prepared for the worst while maintaining an brave if not positive and ambitious face. Where can apparent overnight change work? Pop 'acts' like David Bowie and Madonna, TV Series like Dr Who.
But this is the cover, the book remains the same?
Surely any organisation or brand can more easily make adjustments to its brand (yet these two will have been carefully planned far in advance for strategic effect).
I wouldn't usually do this kind of thing, but you can do the OU a favour, prove a point to the world and be in line to win an iPad 3. Just go along to the OU Facebook page and 'like', for further Brownie Points add a comment.
Combined this sets us against other univwrsities. somehow we were beaten to the top slot in 2011.
I started in 2001, then took a break.
Back for the last two years with an MA a module away and more to follow for certain: MRes? MBA? Another MA in History of Art or Creative WritinG.
Plastination of a Ballet Dancer
The skin removed from a human body reveals a mess.
The walls removed from a business does the same. It has happened whether or not we like it, even without Wikileaks we are revealing more of ourselves than ever before.
Glass Skull by Rudat
Our minds are a mess if our sculls are made of glass: mine is, I expose and disclose and share my thougts.
Posting notes isn't laziness, it is mess: it is 'messy stuff'.
It is the beginning of something, or the end, it is both unstarted and unfinished. Notes go down well in our 'wiki- world' as it makes space for others to interject, to correct and fix in a way that feels less like criticism and more like collaboration.
Once was a time I'd pick out every misplaced apostrophe, especially concerning 'its', now I care less, ditto spelling. Would I have hewrd the incorrect apostrophe on the possessive of its? Would I have known that I'd hit the 'w' key instead of the 'a' typing as I am with my left hsnd only propped up in bed. And what about the missing 'h' I've left out of 'thougts'?
Too late, I've said it now and my next idea is coming through.
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